Wednesday, March 30, 2016




Stes de Necker

South Africa’s Government has become a government of liars. Deceit has become as natural to
these politicians as breathing.

Lies are the fuel that fires the world. They emanate from the Father of Lies; the Devil. Even though some political leaders claim to be Christian, they are not.

Calling oneself an eagle does not make it possible to fly. If it walks like a duck, and talks like a duck…

The truth is harsh. It sounds mean, hateful, and intolerant. But the way one swallows the medicine does not determine whether or not the medicine is effective.

Anything that is not the truth is a lie. A half-truth is a full lie. They call that deception. That is how most South African politicians operate. There is no “no-spin zone” anymore.

The South African Government stinks. Rolling in manure will not make them smell better…it only makes the smell unnoticeable to the others who also roll in it.  Soon everyone rolls in it and no one notices the smell.

“So help me God” are the four words that usually conclude an oath for public office.

It is an admission by the testifier that there is a Higher Authority to which one will answer. It is an acknowledgement of the character of Almighty God. He expects Truth. He speaks Truth. He IS the Truth. That is what an oath acknowledges.

Let me give you some truth. It may taste bitter to us only because we no longer recognize the sweet taste of Truth. We’ve spent too much time drinking the Devil’s Kool-Aid…served to us by those we’re suppose to trust.

South Africa is bankrupt in more ways than one; morally, politically and finacially.

But what does our deputy President, Cyril Ramaphosa say.

“South Africa must put a stop to whites dominating and controlling the economy.”

What a lot of nonsense!

Of all people Mr Ramaphosa should know better not to make such an uninformed statement.

The truth is:
  • Black South Africans control economic and fiscal policy;
  • They control the state’s 35% share of the economy;
  • They own the 10% represented by the informal sector;
  • According to the JSE they own a higher percentage of the stock market than whites;
  • The ANC should have learned from its gross mismanagement of the parastatals that capturing the economy is now so easy as capturing the state. Parastatals account for a significant part of the economy that it has already captured, but they still want to blame the whites for their failures.
It is high time the ANC realises that not only do they erode any prospect of national unity but that they are leading the country to the destruction of our economy and of our constitutional values.

"Mr Ramaphosa, if you are jockeying for position in the upcoming annual congress of the ANC, please don't do it at the expence of South Africa. Dont offer up the recognition you already enjoy amongst all South Africans on the altar of political opportunism."

South Africans are sick and tired of Zuma and the ANC Government lying.

We’re sick and tired of ministers lying.

We’re sick and tired of politicians lying.

Wednesday, March 2, 2016

INTERNATIONAL LAW - What is International Law


What is International Law

Stes de Necker


International law is a set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.  It serves as a framework for the practice of stable and organized international relations.

International law differs from state-based legal systems in that it is primarily applicable to countries rather than to private citizens. National law may become international law when treaties delegate national jurisdiction to supranational tribunals such as the European Court of Human Rights or the International Criminal Court. Treaties such as the Geneva Conventions may require national law to conform to respective parts.

Much of international law is consent-based governance. This means that a state member is not obliged to abide by this type of international law, unless it has expressly consented to a particular course of conduct.

This is an issue of state sovereignty. However, other aspects of international law are not consent-based but still are obligatory upon state and non-state actors such as customary international law and peremptory norms (jus cogens).

The term "international law" can refer to three distinct legal disciplines:

Public international law, which governs the relationship between states and international entities. It includes these legal fields: treaty lawlaw of seainternational criminal law, the laws of war or international humanitarian lawinternational human rights law, and refugee law.

Private international law, or conflict of laws, which addresses the questions of (1) which jurisdiction may hear a case, and (2) the law concerning which jurisdiction applies to the issues in the case.

Supranational law or the law of supranational organizations, which concerns regional agreements where the laws of nation states may be held inapplicable when conflicting with a supranational legal system when that nation has a treaty obligation to a supranational collective.

Sources of International Law

International law is sourced from decision makers and researchers looking to verify the substantive legal rule governing a legal dispute or academic discourse. The sources of international law applied by the community of nations to find the content of international law are listed under Article 38.1 of the Statute of the International Court of JusticeTreaties, customs, and general principles are stated as the three primary sources; and judicial decisions and scholarly writings are expressly designated as the subsidiary sources of international law.

Many scholars agree that the fact that the sources are arranged sequentially in the Article 38 of the ICJ Statute suggests an implicit hierarchy of sources. However, there is no concrete evidence, in the decisions of the international courts and tribunals, to support such strict hierarchy, at least when it is about choosing international customs and treaties.

In addition, unlike the Article 21 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, which clearly defines hierarchy of applicable law (or sources of international law), the language of the Article 38 do not explicitly support hierarchy of sources.

The sources have been influenced by a range of political and legal theories. During the 20th century, it was recognized by legal positivists that a sovereign state could limit its authority to act by consenting to an agreement according to the principle pacta sunt servanda.

This consensual view of international law was reflected in the 1920 Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice, which was succeeded by the United Nations Charter and is preserved in the United Nations Article 7 of the 1946 Statute of the International Court of Justice.

Types of International Law

Public international law 

Public international law (or international public law) concerns the treaty relationships between the nations and persons which are considered the subjects of international law. Norms of international law have their source in either:
custom, or customary international law (consistent state practice accompanied by opinio juris),
globally accepted standards of behaviour (peremptory norms known as jus cogens or ius cogens), or
codifications contained in conventional agreements, generally termed treaties.

Article 13 of the United Nations Charter obligates the UN General Assembly to initiate studies and make recommendations which encourage the progressive development of international law and its codification. Evidence of consensus or state practice can sometimes be derived from intergovernmental resolutions or academic and expert legal opinions (sometimes collectively termed soft law).

Private international law

Conflict of laws

Conflict of laws, often called "private international law" in civil law jurisdictions, is distinguished from public international law because it governs conflicts between private persons rather than states (or other international bodies with standing).

It concerns the questions of which jurisdiction should be permitted to hear a legal dispute between private parties, and which jurisdiction's law should be applied, therefore raising issues of international law.

Today corporations are increasingly capable of shifting capital and labor supply chains across borders, as well as trading with overseas corporations. This increases the number of disputes of an inter-state nature outside a unified legal framework, and raises issues of the enforceability of standard practices. Increasing numbers of businesses use commercial arbitration under the New York Convention 1958.

Supranational law

Systems of "supranational law" arise when nations explicitly cede their right to make certain judicial decisions to a common tribunal.

 The decisions of the common tribunal are directly effective in each party nation, and have priority over decisions taken by national courts. The European Union is an example of an international treaty organization which implements a supranational legal framework, with the European Court of Justice having supremacy over all member-nation courts in matter of European Union law.

International courts

There are numerous international bodies created by treaties adjudicating on legal issues where they may have jurisdiction. The only one claiming universal jurisdiction is the United Nations Security Council. Others are: the United Nations International Court of Justice, and the International Criminal Court (when national systems have totally failed and the Treaty of Rome is applicable) and the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

East Africa Community

There were ambitions to make the East African Community, consisting of KenyaTanzaniaUgandaBurundi and Rwanda, a political federation with its own form of binding supranational law, but this effort has not materialized.

Union of South American Nations

The Union of South American Nations serves the South American continent. It intends to establish a framework akin to the European Union by the end of 2019. It is envisaged to have its own passport and currency, and limit barriers to trade.

Andean Community of Nations

The Andean Community of Nations is the first attempt to integrate the countries of the Andes Mountains in South America. It started with the Cartagena Agreement of 26 May 1969, and consists of four countries: BoliviaColombiaEcuador and Peru. The Andean Community follows supranational laws, called Agreements, which are mandatory for these countries.